Are Walter Kaufmann's translations of Nietzsche still considered the best? They have been the standard since the 1950s but to me they seem stiff, clunky, and lacking in the humor or literary panache that the originals are said to possess. Sometimes the word use is so odd that it makes me wonder about Kaufmann's grasp of English. Unfortunately I do not read German, so I can't tell. Is Nietzsche really like this? And are there more recent worthy translations?
If science (i.e. evolutionary psychology) can explain why I have the morality I do, does that mean morality is subjective? If what I believe about morality is just a product of my evolution and my upbringing, can I still expect other people to live up to my principles even though they may have had a different upbringing? What about myself? Can I still hold myself to my own standards or am I being deceived by my evolution into thinking it would be wrong to do so?
The notion of "free will" implies an agent can make its own choice independent of the deterministic laws of nature. However, within a causally closed system this is impossible. Why then would evolution endow agents with the feeling of control? Would it not be more efficient (and more expected) for evolution to produce automata without subjective (and superfluous) mental phenomena?