Does an Omniscient God contradict Free Will?
Yes, a very age-old question, with many answers. The problem seemed to arise when we thought that if God knows what we will do or "choose" then it's metaphysically necessary for us to choose or do that, because what God knows IS true, thus it's true event A will happen if God knows it will. There's no Free Will because there's no chance that event A can NOT happen, in this view Free Will is just an illusion.
But! Some Philosophers have objected by saying that God's knowledge is from or depends on our choice, it's formed by the choices we genuinely (freely?) make for ourselves, because God's omniscience is "logically simultaneous" with our choices. So God's knowledge doesn't write out history, history writes out God's knowledge. (By the way doesn't this make god a contingent being? Thus precluding God from "working" as an answer for the modal ontological and cosmological argument, since God is not a non-contingent being?)
But I've never been convinced by this. I think there is one aspect about God's story ignored in all this. Which is that God created us, we didn't choose to exist, God chose that for us. Now why is this relevant? Let me give a narrative;
Say you're holding a Rat above a maze deciding whether to drop it in. There are only two exits "reward zone" and "punishment zone". You're omniscient (in the same way the above God is) and know that if you drop the Rat in it will choose a path for itself that leads to the punishment zone. But if you drop the Rat into the maze then you're making (forcing) the Rat to exist in a world in which you know it will end up in the punishment zone.
In other words aren't you condemning the Rat to the punishment zone? By now I'm sure you get what I'm making an analogy to. Doesn't Omniscience along with the "Act of Creation" preclude Free Will? i.e. Because God forced us to exist in a world where it knew we would do A, doesn't that mean it condemned us to eventually do A?
Thanks I really look forward to any responses!
Read another response by Thomas Pogge